How to know if a dog is purebred


Learn to recognize if your Labrador Retriever is purebred help that can be given better care. Especially since each dog has specific characteristics and even common diseases. From we will tell you about the subject. Keep reading to know more.

Importance of knowing your dog's breed

Each dog has different features and peculiarities. So it can be good for one race does not mean it will be the best for another. Some have a coat that adapts to cold climates, while others need heat.

Know the breed of your dog It helps you to give it a better quality of life. Not only at the level of the environment in which it operates, but in aspects such as food, hygiene and care in general.

When adopting a dog, for example, a Labrador Retriever is essential to have the most information about him. Well, this depending on your race, age and height will have a certain behavior and needs, which as an owner you should know to grow healthy.

Knowing if a dog is purebred will help you know if it has special attention or needs.

If you are thinking of adopting a dog or a puppy and need to know if it is purebred You can guide yourself through a series of steps that we will list below so you know how to know if a dog is purebred.

Though all dogs deserve affection, respect and care regardless of its origin, is important to know if it is purebred since cAda dog breed requires different treatments that can have a decisive impact on health and animal welfare. With this information you can choose the best eating plan, the amount of physical activity that the dog should do or the best hygiene, so that we can guide us through the steps that we now indicate.

Steps to know if a dog is purebred

  1. Ask for the dog's pedigree. In the case of adopting the dog in a kennel, the pedigree of the dog is a document that the breeder must always give you and certifies the breed of the animal. It is an official document that shows the name of the dog, the date of birth, who the breeder is, to which breed it belongs and the characteristics of its parents, grandparents and great-grandparents. This way you will know exactly the genetic history. The pedigree certifies that a dog is of breed and that even their ancestors are. In the case of wanting to buy a purebred puppy from a serious breeder, he is in fact obliged to provide you with the pedigree and the vaccination brochure for dogs, what vaccines have been made, how many antiparasitic and vermifuge treatments he has and the number of microchip .
  2. Consult a professional. If you have any questions or have adopted the dog and you have not been given the pedigree of the dog, you could go with the dog to a veterinarian or an expert breeder (the best solution) or send some photos. These professionals, thanks to their experience, can help you understand if the dog is a breed or not, even if it has no pedigree.
  3. Look at the physical characteristics of the dog. There are no general guidelines to know if a dog is purebred, but depending on the breed standard we can guide ourselves and find out if it is pure or not.
  4. ¿What is the standard? Each dog breed has its own physical characteristics, completely defined. Dog clubs and federations establish some very precise and detailed rules for each breed, known as "standard." These rules are related to weight, height, colors and body shape, legs, head, ears, tail and eyes. So, to find out which breed the dog belongs to, you must check if its physical appearance matches the standard breed.

Some examples

  • He German shepherd It is black with reddish brown, brown, yellow and gray marks. Its weight varies between 22 and 50 kilos, it has the appearance of the wolf, a well proportioned body, erect ears and a slightly lowered back.
  • He schnauzer It is characterized by its gray, black and pure white color. They exist in 3 dimensions, and in all types they have rough hairs, hard and large mustaches.
  • He Siberian Husky It can be white with black, reddish, brown, blond or gray. Some have beautiful blue eyes and always have a double layer of fur, very thick and protective.
  • He Labrador Pure has a large head, and reaches the diameter of its trunk when they are adults. This also has a quadrangular appearance and, above all, has a short and thick fur.
  • He chow chow When he is purebred, he has a blue tongue.

How to know if my dog ​​is breed

Knowing if your dog is purebred or not important, because the care it requires is different.

The first step is to ask for your pedigree. A breeder of breed dogs will have no problem in providing it, as well as your vaccine book and your microchip number. The pedigree is a official document, issued by the Royal Canine Society of Spain, which includes the data that ensure that your dog is of breed:

  • registration in the genealogical book
  • registration date
  • race
  • dog name
  • sex, color and other aspects of the dog
  • date of birth
  • ancestry: who are your parents and grandparents

With this certificate, you can ensure that your dog is purebred, since their ancestors are too and you have a document that certifies it.

The pedigree document must be requested from the Royal Canine Society of Spain and pay the corresponding fee, which is around € 50. Typically, the breeder will provide it and include this fee in the price of the dog.

If you don't have the pedigree, you can go to a professional who is qualified to prove its purity. Many can determine it with the naked eye, analyzing the specific characteristics of the breed, which are usually quite defined. exist standards, What are they detailed descriptions which determine what the weight, size, colors, shape of the ears, body, tail, eyes, legs and other characteristic aspects should be.

To know if a puppy is purebred based on its physical appearance, you must wait until it has at least three months old, so that the characteristics of their race are well defined.

Some clinics perform DNA analysis to determine the purity of the breed, this being a definitive method to ensure you. The genetics of your dog is responsible for its characteristics and behavior.

Your dog's family tree

All dog breeds can be classified by functional group. Most fit into one of these five categories:

  • hunting dogs
  • grazing dogs
  • guard dogs
  • working dogs
  • companion dogs

Once you have determined the main category, you can analyze the different breeds found in it and compare them with your dog.

In addition, a DNA test It will inform you about the origin of your dog and what breed or races it descends.

To perform this test, simply collect a saliva test and analyze it. The test lasts less than a minute and is painless. In the laboratory, they will compare your dog's DNA with that of the different dog breeds, to assess the degree of coincidence. Three are set categories:

  • Primary or level ½ races. They are those that contain a high percentage of DNA corresponding to the pure race. In this case, your dog will also show behaviors and physical features characteristic of the breed.
  • Secondary or level races ¾, with a lower percentage than the previous case.
  • Tertiary or level 5 races in the case of lower percentages.
    These measurements are not standardized and may vary depending on the laboratory.

He price of these tests ranges from € 50 to € 90.

Knowing your dog's breed is important, since each dog breed has a predisposition to different inherited diseases, so knowing it will allow you to prevent and control them. In addition, you can better adjust your diet