How to protect our dogs from the polar cold


If you have a dog as a pet and do not know how to protect it from the cold, follow our advice to be as protected as possible.

Autumn is here and the temperature starts to fall. We have already begun to take out the jackets and fill the cabinets with warmer clothes to protect us from the cold. Like we do with us, we have to do it with our pets. We teach you with some tips how to protect your dog from winter and low temperatures.

There are many people who think that dogs, especially hairy ones, do not go cold. However, it is a mistaken belief. They also need some care to cope better with winter.

How to know if your dog is cold?

When it starts to get cold it is very important that you are aware of your dog's reactions to be able to prevent diseases, as muscle injuries, numbness or principle of hypothermia. The main symptoms of a dog when it is cold are tremors, rig>

If you notice that you sleep more than usual, it can also be a cause of cold. Also, if when you are doing it you squirm a lot, wanting to cover yourself with your own body, it will be giving you a sign that need heat. Winter or low temperatures will also cause a part of your body to become stiff, so you will have to massage the area carefully to give it heat and cover it with blankets. If after a few minutes it does not improve, you should take the veterinarian for possible illness. Therefore, if you see that your pet has any of these symptoms, you will have to take immediate measures to combat the low temperatures and not be cold.

Tips to protect your dog from the cold

The most important thing to combat the cold of your pet, although it seems obvious, will be to cover it. Today there are a lot of clothing items specially invented for our dog, depending on its size, fur, etc. Therefore, there is no excuse to go to a store and see which is the best option for our pet. This dog clothes should not be chosen based on fashion, nor which one is the prettiest, since otherwise we may choose the one that harbors the least.

Choosing clothes well is essential so that you can walk your dog in the street properly. In the months when the cold is more intense, It is advisable that you take a walk in the hours of the day when the sun warms more, to make the walk more enjoyable. On days that are not possible, reduce the distance of the route and complement the exercise with games inside the house. For example, try throwing things for him to bring, pull the rope or hide toys.

Remember also that you should not leave your pet on the balcony or in the outdoor patio or garden. If you don't want to have it inside the house, build or buy a house appropriate for low temperatures in an outside place where the wind runs less or where it is most sheltered. If possible, let some time inside the house to avoid being continuously exposed to the cold, especially if it rains, snows, there is a lot of wind, etc.

Both inside and outside the home, leave a blanket at your fingertips, on the floor or resting place so that he covers himself with it or lies on top of it as a bed and does not take the cold from the floor. They themselves will also look for some source of heat at home, such as radiators or fireplaces. When they are away from home, remember to put on appropriate clothing for dogs.

Another of the tips to take care of your dog against the cold is to take care of his ears. Many races have the area of ​​the ears especially sensitive. Therefore, this area must be properly dried so as not to expose you to otitis. In addition, many dogs, especially those who go jogging in the field or snow, have an added problem in their paws. The pads of your plants crack with cold and when dry cause severe pain which forces them to walk with difficulty. To solve this problem, we advise you to use some recommended creams that will hydrate your dog's paws.

The ears and tail if they are cold, white, red or gray and dry and hard, it is because there may be freezing. Remember that not acting against the symptoms that your dog is cold can cause serious problems. The consequences that cold causes in dogs are serious and must be taken into account. The most common diseases are cold, bronchitis, laryngitis, pharyngitis and pneumonia.

Some remedies to protect your dog from the cold

Like the owner, the dog feels the cold at low temperatures, especially when they are not used to it. To keep your pet warm, it is important that you consider their breed. We give you some basic remedies to protect your dog from the cold. You must avoid trimming, shaving or cutting the fur of your dog, since it is its main source of heat during the winter. But it is also important to keep that hair well taken care of. It is necessary to brush it to avoid knots, since when it is entangled it is less efficient as an insulator of the cold.

You have to make sure your dog is completely dry before going outside when it's cold. At this time, go ahead shorter baths with warm water, do not cold, and dry as quickly as possible. It is also important that you take a bath inside the house, so that you do not catch a cold due to the low atmospheric temperature outside. Keep the fur tightly trimmed around the pads of the legs. This will prevent ice and snow from entering between them. After a walk, check that there are no cracks, as we have already indicated above and that there is no residue between the pads. Another tip is to dry your legs well when you get home.

Food is also important during the coldest months. That your dog eats well and regularly will help you conserve the energy and heat needed during the winter. The rise of food It is only necessary for dogs that are longer outside than inside the house and for those who do more physical activity. Also make sure that the water you drink does not freeze.

Remember that if your dog is outside the house, you must provide a suitable house against the cold. It must have a sloping roof and insulation. When it rains, make sure the entrance of the house is closed, to prevent rain from entering where the dog will be. Insert blankets inside it so that it lies on them and has greater protection. The food also deposit inside, to prevent it from getting wet. Check every day that your booth is in optimal conditions, cleaning and humidity, to protect it from the cold.

As warningsNote that if temperatures fall below zero degrees, the dog should not spend much time outdoors. If the dog is indoor and is used to being at home, do not leave him outside, since the animal needs time to acclimatize to the changes and low temperatures. Taking into account these tips and recommendations, you will have your dog safe against the coldest months.

Related news

It arrives cold, very cold. We humans are already prepared and alerted by the news services of the news, but ... and the wildlife? And the pets?

In previous articles we talked about the cold. We saw how the dog's cloak It could be very effective or, on the contrary, insufficient. We have talked about coats, which in many cases were good supplements for animals that could easily lose their body temperature. Thus, in small dogs, in miniature breeds, temperature conservation becomes difficult. These races, capricious creations of man, lose great radiant energy from their body surface. They do it through two mechanisms, the covection and the driving. To understand us, «the icy environment will steal their heat through the air and the ground, so in small pets it is not a bad idea to use warm clothes. But in addition, the place or room where they live and sleep must be properly heated, ”says veterinarian Javier Álvarez de la Villa.

Temperatures always above 20ºC They will provide adequate thermal comfort. Do not forget that there may be large thermal differences in different areas of the home. An example is the terraces, open or closed, in which our dear pets are often forced to use as a bedroom. In these places the temperature drops to match that of the outside, which can mean many degrees below thermal comfort. «Let's not forget that a cold wave is approaching. Basements, external stairs and the garden of the chalets will not be safe places for many of our races. Let's choose temperate places for your rest, ”says the veterinarian of the Víctor de la Serna Veterinary Center.

Another factor is the soil. Our faithful companion will not sleep directly on it. We have to prepare a bed or padding that suits you and, at the same time, isolates you. If not, the icy ground will steal your body heat continuously and, the next day, our pet may be weakened or even in a situation of hypothermia. If the temperature of the place chosen for rest falls below 20 ° C, we can incorporate a blanket or make them sleep with a wool or cotton coat.

Another very important point now that the polar cold is approaching concerns dogs sleeping outside. Many belong to races very well adapted to it and carriers of skin mantles as an effective biological thermos (Mastiff, San Bernando, Nordic races ..) but keep in mind, that a polar meteorological part can mean a new and important challenge even in so adapted animals. So much so, that sometimes not even wildlife will be able to withstand this polar challenge and they will end up succumbing.

The solutions for our pets that sleep abroad go to shelter them and introduce them in some areas of the home in case of extreme temperatures. In addition, we will always provide you with at least a roof, walls and floor, which can be achieved with a comfortable and cozy doghouse. These dog houses they parapet against the cold and protect from rain, wind and contact with the icy, and sometimes frozen ground.

Do not trust the owners of large breeds and with good skin layers. «In the great waves of cold, the Urgencies of hypothermic animals. Extreme cold can operate against the organism causing stress and disease »says Dr. Álvarez de la Villa.

Defense mechanisms, some active and other passive such as tremor, fur, subcutaneous fat, peripheral vasoconstriction, can help minimize their effects and keep the body temperature in normal limits, but at other times, when the cold is very intense, such protection mechanisms may fail. In the latter case, hypothermia and disease are reached.

The winter arrived. It is cause for happiness and satisfaction. The seasonal rhythm is a true gift for Nature and the intense cold as well. However, keep in mind that dog breeds have not been selected by the hard teacher Nature. Far from this implacable natural selection, we are its architects and, therefore, its responsible and jealous caregivers. Let's shelter them without complex and protect them from the weather, your dear pets will thank you, no doubt.

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Animals also suffer from lower temperatures. Although they don't complain about the time in the elevator, cold days can affect our pets and cause serious health problems, especially for the youngest and the oldest. What to do so that your pet does not go cold? We give you some tips.

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  • If your pet spends a lot of time away from home, prepare a place sheltered from the cold and humidity in which it can shelter. If your dog has a house to sleep in the garden, must be well insulated, with the wooden or rubber floor, and have an adequate size so that it is warm while comfortable. The decoration leave it to the animal's choice, not everyone likes to have a Miró in the bathroom.
  • Do not cut your hair until warmer months arrive, because the hair will protect you from the cold and prevent your pet from losing body heat. Undoubtedly, good news for cat owners, as they can keep their eyes scratch-free until summer.
  • Small breeds and / or with short hair tend to get colder than the big ones and with a blow. Therefore, if your pet is of the first type, try to put on a coat when you take it out. Of course, that is not equal to the neighbor's dog, they do not like to match the model.


  • Take special care of food at this time. The walks outside are much shorter because of the cold (we know the laziness that gives the dog with 3ºC in the street), so pets tend to get fat. In addition, with the cold, the animal needs a greater caloric intake, so that you must find the balance between food and the least physical exercise they perform. Otherwise, probably in April you have to roll your beautiful but obese 32kg chihuahua to the street.
  • Cats will look for the warmest place in the house to sleep. Prepare a bed near a radiator if you don't want me to end up sleeping on the fridge, in the oven, or on your belly after eating a plate of lentils.

  • If you have birds, place the cage in an area of ​​the house with stable temperature and away from air currents. Also watch that they have moved the entire pen. In the case of parrots, you can teach him bad phrases complaining about the cold. Winter will liven you up.

And you? What other advice can you think of to protect pets from the cold? Tell us in the comments!

Prolonged exposure to low temperatures can cause serious health problems

During winter, greater precautions must be taken to prevent the cold from resulting harmful For our pets. Prolonged exposure to low temperatures can cause serious problems. The permanence in extremely places cold It can damage the thermal regulation mechanisms of dogs and cats. In addition, in puppies and old dogs the sensitivity is greater.

Despite the idea that animals do not go cold and that their fur serves as protection, conditions of intense cold make this not enough. Depending on the race and the size of the animal, our pet will be more or less prone to be affected by temperature drops.


To keep your pet warm and prevent a cold, the first thing is to put a coat. Small coats are not always comfortable for the animal and usually end up taking them off. At home, make sure you put one blanket Extra on your bed.

Just as important is to think about your feeding. More active pets need more energy during cold days, so it is advisable to increase their ration or supplement it with foods rich in protein and fat, always in a balanced way.

In case your pet is not very active and spends most of his time at home, you should not increase his ration. Pay special attention to keeping your space at a suitable temperature. To do this, you can use a heater, for example.

Considering your size, smaller dogs need more shelter, because they are closer to the ground, while large animals tolerate more cold. In the case of cats, we must bear in mind that some races are more sensitive to cold, such as the Siamese or the Sphinx.

Another recommendation to keep in mind is to try not to tell our pet's hair during the winter season. You may find some additional protection.